Spirochaeta Myelophthora in Multiple Sclerosis


Cell Wall Deficient Forms: Stealth Pathogens

2nd Edition


Lida Mattman, Ph.D.
1912 - 2008

Professor Emeritus, Dept. of Biology, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan

CRC Press, Boca Raton, Boston, London, New York, Washington D.C., 1993

Summary (by Joachim Gruber)


von Simons, H.C.R., Is multiple sclerosis a spirochetosis?, Deutsche Med. Wochenschr., 83, 1196-1200, 1958.

Steiner, G., Acute plaques in MS, their pathogetic significance and the role of spirochetes as the etiological factor, J. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol., 11(4) 343, 1952.

Steiner, G., Morphology of Spirochaeta myelophthora in MS, J. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol., 13, 221-229, 1954.

Ibrahim, M.Z.M., On the etiology of M: new observations? Abstr. Anat. Rec., 214A, 58, 1986.

Ichelson, R.R., The cultivation of spirochaetes from spinal fluids of multiple sclerosis cases and negative controls, Proc. Penn. Acad. Sci., 32, 49-54, 1958.

Lukehart S.a. et al., Characterization of monoclonal antibodies to Treponema pallidum, J. Immun., 134, 585-592, 1985.

Myerson, R.M. et al., Preliminary observations on the cultivation and morphology of a microorganism from the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with multiple sclerosis, Am. J. Multiple Sclerosis, 236, 677-691, 1958.

Newman H.W. et al., The spirochete in multiple sclerosis, Calif. Med., 89, 387-389, 1958.

Gay, D. and Dick, G., Is multiple sclerosis caused by an oral spirochete? Lancet, July 12, 75-77, 1986.

Gay, D. and Dick, G., Spirochaetes, Lyme disease and multiple sclerosis, Lancet, September 20, 685, 1986.

Gay, D. and Esiri, M., Blood-brain barrier damage in acute multiple sclerosis plaques. An immunocytological study, Brain, 114 (Pt 1B), 557-572, 1991.

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Version: October 8, 2008
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